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Fusible PVC™ Pipe Saves Thousands on Jack-and-Bore Installations

As utilities tackle the challenges of rehabilitating and expanding water distribution and wastewater collection networks, they are increasingly turning to trenchless installation methods to reduce cost and minimize disruption to the public.

Jack-and-bore installation can be one of the most economical, reliable, and accurate ways to install a new cased pipe under established highways and railways without having to disrupt or impede the use of those arteries. The cost and sizing of a jack-and-bore installation is directly related to the largest cross section diameter of the carrier pipe. For example, if a design calls for a 24-inch PVC C905 bell and spigot carrier pipe, the designer must choose a casing size that will accommodate the OD of the segmented bell (~32 inches) and the OD of the bell restrainer (~35 inches). In this example, the designer would typically select a 42-inch steel casing to accommodate the restrained pipe section.

Designers have increasingly been electing to incorporate the Fusible PVC™ family of pipe products into projects to provide an efficient, less costly jack-and-bore design. Inclusion of this option allows a designer to take advantage of the low profile, butt-fused PVC joint while still providing a restrained pipe design through the cased section. A Fusible PVC pipe joint has a diameter that is nearly identical to the pipe barrel, making the casing size a function of the pipe barrel diameter instead of the bell or mechanical restraint diameter. As a result, casing designs using Fusible PVC™ pipe as the carrier can utilize smaller casings than designs with segmented pipe. For example, 24-inch Fusible C-905® pipe has an outside diameter of 25.8 inches. The geometry of the pipe and fused joint allow it to easily fit within a 30-inch casing, where it can be placed directly on the flow line or installed with low profile casing insulators/spacers which allow for minor elevation adjustments as required.

By reducing the effective OD of the carrier pipe, a smaller casing pipe can be used; providing substantial savings to the owner while still achieving the desired design performance. This reduction in casing size has consistently delivered a 30-40% savings in jack-and-bore sections alone, compared to segmented carrier pipe designs. It is not uncommon to see $120-$150/LF installation savings with the smaller casing option in the example illustrated below:

Fusible PVC™ Pipe Advantages:
  • Smaller casing size
    • Integral restrained joint provides smaller OD for given ID and pressure class, facilitating the smallest possible casing diameter and eliminating restraint fitting cost
    • Lower casing material cost
    • Lower casing installation costs due to smaller bore hole size
  • No casing spacers required
    • Low-profile restrained joint can rest directly on the bottom of a casing pipe, which eliminates the requirement for casing spacers
    • Non-metallic carrier pipe eliminates requirement to insulate the carrier pipe from the casing

Napa, CA: 24" DR18 in 36" Steel Casing


Eastvale, PA: 24" DR25 in 42" Steel Casing with Conduits


Anchorage, AK: 24" DR18 in 30" Steel Casing


West Valley, UT: 18" DR25 in 30" Steel Casing


Burlingame, CA: 20" DR25 in 30" Steel Casing


Bellingham, WA: 8" DR26 in Steel Casing


San Antonio, TX: 16" DR25 in a 20" Steel Casing


Carson City, NV: 18" DR18 in 24" Steel Casing


Lakeland, FL: 30" DR25 in 36" Steel Casing